Safe operations and zero harm

In CCB Energy we focus on safety and security in our projects and our operations. We have a vision to cause zero harm to personnel, materials or the environment.

In our projects our priority is to ensure safety and security while working towards sustainable and innovative solutions.

Information to the general public

At this site, you may find safety information and notifications regarding the hydrogen production facility of H2 Production AS at the Energy Park in Øygarden municipality.

In the sections below you may read about the activities that take place at the plant, as well as which substances and situations may represent a danger in the event of an undesirable incident. In addition, information is provided about what emergency preparedness measures the facility has and what precautions should be taken if an undesirable incident should occur.

The hydrogen plant is subject to the "Regulations relating to measures to prevent and limit the consequences of major accidents in enterprises where hazardous chemicals occur (the Major Accident Regulations)". Pursuant to Section 9 of the Regulations, a Safety Report has been prepared for the facility, which was submitted to the Directorate for Civil Protection and Emergency Planning (DSB) in 2021.

For general information about major accidents and information on supervision pursuant to the Major Accident Regulations, see

The hydrogen plant

H2 Production AS's production facility for hydrogen is located at the top of Energiparken's industrial area in Øygarden municipality. There is access to a public quay owned by Øygarden municipality by the shipping lane in Hjeltefjorden.

The plant produces hydrogen based on Norwegian reforming technology with integrated CO2 capture. The technology is developed, patented and delivered by ZEG Power AS, a technology company originating from the knowledge institutions at Kjeller. Captured CO2 will initially be exploited commercially. When the Northern Lights CCS plant is in operation, and it is adapted for receiving CO2, it will be possible to deliver there for long-term storage offshore.

The hydrogen plant will be built in accordance with applicable technical standards, and will meet expected societal safety requirements.

Properties and applications of hydrogen

Hydrogen is the lightest atom in the periodic table, and behaves as a colorless gas without smell and taste at atmospheric pressure. When cooled to -253 Co, the hydrogen will enter the liquid phase and become liquid.

Hydrogen is not an energy source in itself, but is an energy carrier that enables the transport of energy to the consumer in the same way as electric current or gasoline, which are also energy carriers.

In order to produce clean hydrogen, energy must be supplied. This can be done by means of electric current (electrolysis), or by using methane gas from natural or biogas (reforming). Natural gas will be used at our production facility. In this process, CO2 is formed, which becomes a by-product in the same way as in a combustion process of fossil material.

Large-scale industrial hydrogen production has been an important product for major Norwegian industrial projects for many decades. The production of ammonia, methanol and chlorine compounds are all processes that use hydrogen from reforming natural gas. The negative environmental impact of such processes is the large scale of CO2 emissions into the atmosphere.

Hydrogen is an efficient energy carrier, and is therefore used to transport energy for use in fuel cells for the production of energy for propulsion of vehicles, ships and construction machinery. The use of hydrogen is particularly effective in systems where battery solutions have capacity challenges with regard to weight limitations.

Production and storage capacity

H2 Production facilitates a storage permit for 6000 kg of hydrogen at the production plant. Consent has been given by the Directorate for Civil Protection and Emergency Planning (DSB).

The production facility has a capacity of 30 kg of hydrogen per hour and will contain only a few kilograms of hydrogen at any given time. The produced hydrogen will continuously be pressurized and filled into storage tanks that will also be used for transport to the customer.

Since hydrogen has a very small specific gravity, large volumes are required to store significant quantities. Storage and transport containers will have pressurized gas in the range 200-350 bar with weights between 5-800 kg. Production and storage capacity will therefore be adapted to the delivery needs of the customer.

As a by-product of reforming natural gas, CO2 and wastewater will be separated. The processing plant will capture more than 90% of all CO2, and this will be liquefied in order to be exploited commercially or deposited offshore when this is made available.

Logistics of manufactured products

The hydrogen supplied from this plant will be delivered as pressurized gas, 200-350 bar. Specially designed containers in different sizes will be used, depending on the individual customer's needs. Transport will take place by lorry and possibly be transported away by boat from the quay facility at Kollsnes.

The CO2 delivered from this plant will be delivered in chilled liquid form. Transport will take place by tanker.

There are strict requirements for who and which means of transport can be used to transport hydrogen. We will use our own drivers who receive their own training when it comes to handling units from this facility.

Transporters are regularly trained in handling hazardous situations, and drivers have undergone training in defensive driving.Transport must take place in accordance with the current regulations for the transport of dangerous goods by road, the ADR/RID regulations.

The vehicles are subject to annual inspection by the Norwegian Vehicle Safety Authority, and transport tanks will be inspected and certified in accordance with current regulations for pressurized equipment.

Major accident risk

A major accident at the plant can occur when gas leaks. The gas will be flammable, so relevant scenarios could be both the spread of a gas cloud and fire.

On commission from H2 Production, Gexcon has analysed the major accident risk at the production plant in a risk analysis. This shows that a major accident can occur, but that the probability of this happening is very low. To reduce major accident risk, the facility has been designed with a high safety standard, and a number of barriers have been established to prevent leaks from the plant from occurring. If any of these should fail, a number of barriers have also been established to limit leaks if a leak should occur.

The production facility with storage area is fenced and locked with round-the-clock monitoring and control. Electronic monitoring equipment has been installed to detect near-misses to dangerous situations at an early stage. Gas detectors and temperature detectors detect leaks and will automatically shut down the plant to stop the gas leak. Any leak or fire in the system is notified immediately to the plant's operations guard via text messages.

The plant has a design that allows it to withstand the stresses for which the production processes are intended, both with regard to high temperatures, chemical properties of gases used in the plant, as well as pressure-exposed equipment during compression and storage in tanks.

If several barriers should fail and a leak develops, both the spread of an ignitable gas cloud and fire can occur. An ignitable gas cloud may spread a good distance away from the plant in the direction of the wind. The size of the cloud will depend on a number of factors, but basically, natural gas is lighter than air when it gets hotter than around -110 degrees Celsius, and as soon as the leakage stops, a gas cloud will quickly thin out.

Hydrogen is even lighter than air and natural gas and thus gets a faster dilution, but will be more flammable than natural gas.


H2 Production has prepared contingency plans outlining what to do in the event of various accidents at the plant, and operates a 24-hour emergency hotline. In the event of a major incident, Øygarden Fire and Rescue KF will lead a possible fight. As a measure in the emergency preparedness work, H2 Production has regular contact and dialogue with the police, fire brigade and rescue service in the evaluation of the emergency plan and emergency preparedness exercises.

Precautions in case of fire or gas leakage

In the event of major accidents, the police will be responsible for notifying neighbours and outsiders if this is deemed necessary. In that case, the police will use whatever aids are deemed necessary. The evacuation is being led by the police, with assistance from H2 Production's operations personnel.

In the event of a fire or gas leak, the following precautions are recommended:

  • Basically, assume that the smoke/gas is flammable until other information is available.
  • Close windows and air vents.
  • Make sure everyone stays indoors unless otherwise notified.
  • If you are outdoors, you should be aware of the wind direction and move away from the area the smoke/gas will drift to.
  • Blunt the smoke, avoid using an open flame, turn off the car engine and other obvious sources of ignition.
  • Turn off your mobile phone.
  • Keep your composure - There's no need to panic.

We urge all our neighbours to comply with all instructions and requests from the police and rescue services. This means that you must follow the instructions given by the police and other responsible personnel.

Contact information

In case of an emergency, contact the emergency services:

  • Fire Department: 110
  • Police: 112

For other inquiries, please contact:

  • H2 Production's Operations Guard: 915 45 555
  • H2 Production Communications Manager: 913 50 660
  • Email:

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